Now that you have more of a grasp of the monotype process, create three monotypes that encompass the techniques you feel work the best to create the kind of self-portrait or portrait images you want. Think about what you want to communicate with these images and how your use of paint will enable this.
Arrange the finished prints in different ways and photograph them. Before you do this, have a look at the work of Annie Kevans, Yuko Nasu, Luc Tuymans, Eleanor Moreton and Chantal Joffe to see how their series of portraits work as a whole as well as individually.
From having believed I had learnt a fair bit during the exercises of this part of the course in relation to the monotype print process I suddenly felt quite challenged with the assignment – only 3 monotypes?
I decided to create some new portraits/self portraits and these can be found here:
I started attempting to turn these ink sketches into monotype prints, and kept going, trying to capture the chosen 3! I’m not so sure I achieved it, but here goes.
For all the prints, I used a 40x30cm glass plate to paint over the various ink sketches with oil paint thinned with Liquin:
Oil paint not thinned enough resulting in paint becoming really sticky on the A4 card once pressed. Probably painted in too much of the image resulting in bleeding/muddying of the printed image.
Similar to “Bobby 1” although the eyes are a lot more piercing. I made a bit of a mess around the edges, thus the coloured framing.
A much simpler line print image achieved with thinner oil paint.
This second print reminds a bit of Tracy Emin’s sketchy/ghostly monoprints, as seen for example in her 2005 monoprint on paper, “Sexy Dolly”:
A much freer print showing facial joy, again achieved with thinner oil paint application on the glass plate.
I came across an article in The National (Friday 3 February 2017, pp.26-27) about the Scottish artist Joan Eardley. It discussed her early years in Glasgow painting the children of Townhead, an area in the east-end of Glasgow. Townhead is where my wife was born and she remembers the tenement buildings where her family stayed before they were all pulled down to make room for the M8 Motorway running from Glasgow to Edinburgh.
The article contained an example of Eardley’s work which I cut out and pasted onto card and then used this to print an image of “Townhead Bobby” over the image of the two children in Eardley’s painting – you can just about make them out beneath the printed image from the glass plate.
I reworked “Townhead Bobby’ again printed over a clearer image of Eardley’s painting so that the children could be seen more clearly peering through the over-print. Available at: http://www.exploreart.co.uk/artist_display.asp?SF1=sort_name&ST1=EARDLEYJOANKATHLEENHARDING [Accessed: 15 February 2017].
I don’t know whether I pressed down too hard making this print, but the paper slid a bit over the glass, resulting in a fairly unrecognisable blobbiness to the paint. This could really only be rescued by the use of cotton buds to smear away some of the paint to leave a vaguely seen line drawing self portrait.
I had read somewhere that it might be a good idea to wet the surface of the material to print onto and then wipe the wetness off before applying it to painted glass plate. I tried this here with this trimmed canvas sheet and while it did accept the paint it also left crinkles across the canvas.
I wet and dried the paper first and used masking tape to surround the area where the print would be made, in an attempt to try and keep the surrounds cleaner. The glass plate was fairly loaded with thinned oil paint. Probably more by luck than design I managed to peel off the printed image to reveal a reasonable representational image without further working required, although in removing the top length of masking tape the paper beneath tore away slightly.
Self portrait seen through an imaginary window frame using only thinned Payne’s Grey and a reduced amount of mark making. A cotton bud was used to remove paint to create the frame and some other areas of the figure.
I used a rolled up cut-off of sponge padding to dip into the thinned oil paint and applied it to the glass plate. Once removed from the plate the print needed some attention to bring some clarity to certain areas, such as the arm, hand and paint brush and the facial features.
Wet card, dried off and placed on top of loosely applied oil paint. Once removed I felt this did not need any further adding to and am quite pleased with the swirly painterly effect achieved. Without consciously trying, and in hindsight, I think I must have been influenced by the swirling, viscous painting of Cecily Brown. [see: https://stuartbrownleeocaupm.files.wordpress.com/2016/09/using-found-images-research-point-p23.jpg].
A second printing onto the same glass plate as “Swirly Stuart” produced my second ghostly self portrait, with the remaining paint on the glass just about leaving a recognisable image on the card.
I had used left-over oil paint to cover the A4 card and then added a rolling of brown over the top. The printed image of my line drawn portrait on the glass plate was very nearly invisible so I decided to scribe or scrape away brown paint with a dental prod to reveal the image.
Same technique as before but used cotton buds to draw over the image once printed.
Reflection on Assignment 3
“The intermediate status of a monoprint, between drawing, painting and print-making, is made poignant by this instantaneous capturing of a moment in time, in which fluid or sticky materials leave a unique trace on paper, one that cannot be repeated.” In: Petherbridge, D. (2010) The primacy of drawing: histories and theories of practice. 2nd edn. New Haven: Yale University Press, p.142.
“A monotype is essentially ONE of a kind: mono is a Latin word which means ONE and type means kind. Therefore, a monotype is one printed image which does not have any form of matrix. On the other hand, a monoprint has some form of basic matrix.
The process of creating a monoprint or a monotype is the same, but when doing monotypes, the artist works on a clean and unetched plate; with monoprints, however, there is always a pattern or part of an image which is constantly repeated in each print. Artists often use etched plates or some kind of pattern such as lace, leaves, fabric or even rubber gaskets, to add texture. In this case, having a repeated pattern, we have a mono print.” Available at: http://www.monoprints.com/monoprints.php [Accessed: 7 February 2017].
In trying to make a selection of three monotype prints from the sixteen created I laid them all out and took a photograph of two arrangements:
From these I chose the following three prints for the assignment submission:
I could have chosen a series of prints of either “Bobby” or “Stuart” images, but instead decided on these three prints for different reasons:
“Sharp Stuart” because I like the simplicity of the image, both in the technique of thinly applied monochrome paint and selective removal of paint and also the narrative of the image looking off into the distance through an imagined window. I think that this is my most successful attempt at a monotype print.
“Townhead Bobby” because I enjoyed the process of overprinting the pasted on newsprint and the narrative connection made between Eardly’s painting and my wife’s early years living in Townhead. She is not aware of being one of the children Eardley painted, but her memories of tenement living and childhood games in the back courts are as vivid now as they were when she was a child.
“Scraped Stuart 1” because the technique of scraping/removing paint saved this print from being a non-print. There is something ‘Burnsian’ about the image, despite the fact that to my knowledge the Scottish bard Robert Burns didn’t wear glasses!
Having selected these three as my chosen assignment monotype prints with paint, I have to admit that of all the prints created, my overall single favourite is
because I like the expressiveness and freedom of its swirlyness!
Artists who have influenced me throughout this assignment are numerous, including:
Loosely applied paint
Natalie Dowse; Marlene Dumas; Kim Baker; Chantal Joffe; Alli Sharma; Geraldine Swayne; Annie Kevans; and Cecily Brown.
Giovanni Benedetto Castiglione; William Blake; Edgar Degas; Henri Matisse; Camille Pissarro; Maurice Prendergast; Jasper Johns; Kim Edwards; and Tracy Emin.
In moving forward with monotype printing I would consider using a more robust printing method than the application of a baren. I think the pressure applied by the hand press method resulted in quite varying degrees of success. A ‘proper’ printing press for monotypes would provide a more uniform and consistent result I feel.
I can also see merit is using the monotype print as a way of developing a narrative series of painterly prints exploring certain themes or objects, along the lines of the loosely painted works by artists such as those mentioned above.
Stuart Brownlee – 512319
16 February 2017